Introduction

Cyanobacteria are capable of producing different structural groups of cyanobacterial toxins, namely cyclic peptides (microcystins, nodularins) which target hepatic function; alkaloids (anatoxins, saxitoxins) that target the nervous system, inflammatory agents (lyngbyatoxin-a and aplysiatoxin) which induce skin lesions and endotoxins (lipopolysaccharides) which are cutaneous and gastrointestinal irritants.  Additive, synergistic and/or antagonistic effects among different classes of cyanobacterial metabolites, as well as interactions with other toxic stressors such as metals or persistent organic pollutants can impact on the severity of toxicity.

Who Should Enrol

Veterinarians

Course Design

Blended Course

Course Highlights

CPD Points

Learning Outcomes

Continued Professional Development

Assessment

Test: Question and Answer

Accreditation

South African Veterinary Council (SAVC)

1 CPD Point

AC/0440/21

Certification

Pass the test with 80% - Retries allowed: 3




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Blue-green algae (cyanobacterial) toxicity in animals

1.0 CPD Points