Cyanobacteria are capable of producing different structural groups of cyanobacterial toxins, namely cyclic peptides (microcystins, nodularins) which target hepatic function; alkaloids (anatoxins, saxitoxins) that target the nervous system, inflammatory agents (lyngbyatoxin-a and aplysiatoxin) which induce skin lesions and endotoxins (lipopolysaccharides) which are cutaneous and gastrointestinal irritants. Additive, synergistic and/or antagonistic effects among different classes of cyanobacterial metabolites, as well as interactions with other toxic stressors such as metals or persistent organic pollutants can impact on the severity of toxicity.
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Test: Question and Answer
South African Veterinary Council (SAVC)
1 CPD Point
Pass the test with 80% - Retries allowed: 3
Blue-green algae (cyanobacterial) toxicity in animals